Pneumonia Vaccine For Children And Adults With Asthma
Pneumonia is a serious illness for people who have asthma and pneumococcal vaccine has been studied to see if it reduces illness or death in those people. A thorough search for randomised controlled trials of pneumococcal vaccine in asthma has found only one small study in children which was not of high quality. This showed a reduction in the rate of asthma attacks from ten per year to seven per year. Randomised trials to test pneumococcal vaccine in asthmatic children and adults are needed to assess how beneficial it is for asthmatics to receive this vaccination.
This review found very limited evidence to support the routine use of pneumococcal vaccine in people with asthma. A randomised trial of vaccine efficacy in children and adults with asthma is needed.
Infection with Streptococcus pneumoniae is an important cause of pneumonia and other serious illnesses, particularly amongst those with certain high-risk medical conditions such as asthma. Although pneumococcal vaccine is routinely advocated for people with asthma, there is uncertainty about the evidence base that underpins this recommendation.
To determine the efficacy of pneumococcal vaccine in reducing mortality or morbidity from pneumococcal disease in asthmatics.
Randomised controlled trials were identified from the Cochrane Airways Group Specialised Register of trials. Searches were current as of August 2010.
Best Home Remedies For Pneumonia:
Are you wondering how to break up pneumonia? Rather than fighting this sickness for weeks, its better for your overall health to fight it quickly.
These effective home remedies for pneumonia use simple, inexpensive ingredients you probably already have in your home, and they do not cause the unwanted side effects that come with commercial remedies.
Lets learn how to treat your pneumonia with simple solutions that you can brew up at home in minutes. One of these 21 remedies is sure to solve your problem.
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Pneumonia And Asthma Why Should I Worry
- Health & Wellness
- Lung Health and Diseases
More than 25 million Americans are living with asthma, 19 million of whom are adults. Management of your asthma may vary slightly from another person depending on the type of asthma you have. However, protecting yourself from contracting common lung infections caused by bacteria, viruses and fungi is something every asthma patient must do, regardless of your asthma type. Asthma and pneumonia are two diseases that affect your lungs and can share some symptoms such as experiencing shortness of breath, coughing, or having an increased pulse and breathing rate. Understanding pneumonia, how people with asthma have an increased risk for developing pneumonia, and how to prevent getting pneumonia are important aspects of managing your asthma.
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Basil And Black Pepper
Basil and black pepper act as natural decongestants. Black pepper expels the mucus from the air sacs and dries up the fluids which cause pneumonia infection.
- Crush 5-7 basil leaves to extract juice.
- Mix with ½ teaspoon of ground black pepper.
- Consume every 6 hours to cure pneumonia.
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Whats The Outlook For People With Asthma And Pneumonia
Its possible to monitor and successfully manage asthma. Most people with asthma live full, active lives.
It takes from one to three weeks to fully recover from pneumonia. It can take much longer if youre not in good overall health.
In severe cases, or without treatment, both conditions can be life-threatening.
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How Long Does Pneumonia Cough Last
Most coughs from pneumonia last for 2 weeks. Some people have significant coughs for 3 weeks. About 20% of people may have lingering coughs for a month. It is very uncommon for pneumonia cough to last longer than six weeks. If you still have coughs six weeks after pneumonia, you need to see your doctor to make sure you havent developed anything else.
With regular community-acquired pneumonia, early coughs are usually associated with lots of phlegm. When pneumonia is active, there is significant inflammation inside your lungs. White blood cells and fluids rush to your lungs to fight the infection. Your cough helps get rid of these waste products in the form of thick, yellow phlegm. After about a week, your cough may produce more of a rusty-colored phlegm, as WBCs decrease while dried blood and dead cells increase. As more time passes, you may have more dry coughs than coughs with phlegm.
Serotyping Of Bacterial Isolates
S pneumoniae isolates sent to the reference laboratory at the KTL as a part of national surveillance from 1995 to 2002 were serotyped as described previously. Pneumococcal serotypes were grouped as follows: 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine serotypes 10-valent 13-valent PPV23 serotypes and all other serotypes/groups.
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Best Cough Medicine For Pneumonia
Why use thieves oil for pneumonia
Thieves essential oil is well known to reduce stress. But it is also used for neutralizing bacterial and viral pathogens. Strengthens respiratory systems, lowers fever.
How to use thieves oil for Pneumonia
- It is ideally taken as steam by using a towel and inhaling the steam by mixing two drops in hot water.
- One can also add one drop of thieves oil and one drop of lemon oil in hot water and drink this mixture as tea.
It will help to reduce a cough or infection.
Natural Chest And Nasal Congestion Relief
If you prefer non-medicinal, all-natural choices, this product is for you. Breathe-Ease Balm is used either externally by rubbing on the chest, temples and neck or is placed in your humidifier to push the scent out into the air.
Made from eucalyptus, tea tree, lavender and peppermint oils, the scent calms the persistent urge to cough and opens airways. The product can be mixed with a small amount of regular lotion to tone down the scent a bit if youre using it on children.
As with all topical products, we recommend that you try a small amount on your wrist or arm to test for any reactions you may have to the ingredients before you spread larger amounts on your body.
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Black Seed Oil For Pneumonia
Why one should use black seed oil for pneumonia?
Long lasted a cough and fever may result in asthma. Black seed oil is hyper-responsive to the respiratory system. Due to its benefits in lung diseases, it is also famous for lung cancer treatments.
How to use black seed oil for pneumonia?
Black seed oil is made from Nigella sativa plant as the oil comes from compression of the seeds of the plant.
- You can consume black seed oil directly
- Else take one teaspoon on black seed oil and one teaspoon honey and eat it
How Can I Reduce My Risk Of Getting Pneumonia
There are steps you can take to reduce your risk of getting pneumonia.
Get Vaccinated. Getting vaccinated is crucial to protecting your health. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends pneumococcal vaccination for adults 65 and older. Medicare covers pneumococcal vaccines for adults 65 and older at no cost. It is recommended that adults 19-64 years old who smoke get vaccinated as well. At your next appointment with your asthma specialist or your primary care physician, ask them about the pneumococcal vaccination. If you are a medical provider, dont miss the opportunity to recommend this vaccination for your patients as appropriate. According to a recent study on pneumococcal pneumonia vaccinations in high-risk adults, on average, had up to five encounters with healthcare providers which did not result in receiving a pneumonia vaccination.
Stay healthy by practicing good health habits. Respiratory infections such as a cold or flu can cause asthma symptoms and flare-ups, and the flu can increase your chances of getting pneumonia. A few ways to prevent getting sick is to:
- Avoid sick people
- Wash your hands with soap and water often
- Clean surfaces that are touched most often such as door knobs, light switches, etc.
- Stay in smokefree spaces. If you smoke, make a plan to quit.
- Talk to your doctor at your next visit to see if the pneumonia vaccine is right for you by asking our Five Top Pneumonia Questions For Your Doctor.
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Definitions Of Asthma And Exclusion Of Copd
Patients and controls with asthma were defined as persons who had been granted a prescription drug benefit for asthma or COPD by the NSII, or who had a record of hospitalisation for these conditions during 12months before the reference date in the HILMO database. High risk asthma codes in ) was defined as a record in the HILMO of at least one hospitalisation with an ICD-coded primary diagnosis for asthma in the past 12months. Persons with low risk asthma were defined as those entitled to NSII prescription drug benefit and no hospitalisation for asthma during the 12months before the reference date. Overall, 80 of 95 patients and 308 of 314 controls had a record of prescription drug benefit available in the NSII database the rest were identified through hospital admission data. Only 4 patients and none of controls had a record of hospitalisation for COPD in the past 12months these cases were excluded from the multivariable analysis.
Tips For Preventing And Treating Pneumonia:
- Get plenty of rest to boost the immunity.
- Drink plenty of water.
- Eat plenty of vitamin A and C.
- Wash your hands frequently before eating.
- Cover your mouth while sneezing or coughing.
- Do not smoke or drink alcohol.
- Take hot showers to reduce cold, cough and congestion..
- Fry pumpkin leaf in olive oil. Let it cool and crush to make a paste. Apply it to the chest and massage for few minutes until you get relief from the pain.
- Extract juice from ginger and add a teaspoon of honey and lemon juice. Drink night time.
- Mix 1/4 teaspoon of baking soda in 300 ml of warm and drink twice a day.
- Eat plenty of protein and fresh fruits and vegetables to boost immune system.
- Cut down sugar caffeinated, carbonated and alcoholic drinks.
- Get vaccines and flu shots to prevent illness.
We hope that this article on how to beat pneumonia naturally helped you. Have you tried any of these home remedies for relieving symptoms of pneumonia? Which ones worked best for you? Share your experience with us!
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Characteristics Of Patients And Controls
During 19952002, national surveillance identified 1282 persons aged 1849years with IPI these patients were included in the casecontrol study. The median age of patients and their controls was 38.0years and 67.8% were male.
Overall, 359 patients compared with 743 of control subjects had an underlying medical condition for which the PPV23 is currently recommended by Finnish public health authorities for asthma vaccine target groups are similar to those of the US Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices. Among the cases, asthma was the second most common underlying condition identified following alcohol-related diseases , whereas among controls asthma was the most common underlying condition followed by immunodeficiency or rheumatic diseases and diabetes mellitus . Overall, 9.4% of cases had a recognised condition or treatment leading to immunosuppression .
Underlying medical conditions among persons aged 1849years with invasive pneumococcal disease and control subjects, Finland, 19952002
Association of asthma with invasive pneumococcal infection among persons aged 1849years: a conditional logistic regression model
Pneumococcal serotypes causing invasive infections among adults 1849years of age with and without asthma, Finland, 19952002
Concurrent Administration Of Vaccines
Pneumococcal vaccines may be administered concomitantly with other vaccines, with the exception of a different formulation of pneumococcal vaccine . There should be at least an 8 week interval between a dose of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine and a subsequent dose of Pneu-P-23 vaccine, and at least a 1 year interval between a dose of Pneu-P-23 vaccine and a subsequent dose of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine refer to Immunocompromised persons for information regarding administration of pneumococcal vaccines to HSCT recipients. Different injection sites and separate needles and syringes must be used for concurrent parenteral injections. Refer to Timing of Vaccine Administration in Part 1 for additional information about concurrent administration of vaccines.
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Patients In Health Care Institutions
Residents of long-term care facilities should receive Pneu-P-23 vaccine. Refer to Recommendations for Use for information about pneumococcal vaccination of individuals at increased risk of IPD. Refer to Immunization of Patients in Health Care Institutions in Part 3 for additional information about vaccination of patients in health care institutions.
Vii Surveillance And Research Priorities
The epidemiology of invasive pneumococcal disease is changing in Canada and elsewhere, due to the use of PNEU-C-13 in the routine childhood schedule. Nationwide surveillance systems to detect these changes over time are essential. Optimal policy decisions about the use of pneumococcal vaccines requires ongoing surveillance for serotype-specific rates of invasive pneumococcal disease, serotype-specific estimates of the effectiveness of different vaccines, and continued assessment of the vaccine effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of different vaccination schedules over time.
Surveillance and research which addresses the following outstanding questions is particularly encouraged:
- What is the incidence of IPD in children and adults with asthma in Canada?
- What is the efficacy, effectiveness and immunogenicity of pneumococcal vaccines in individuals with asthma?
- What is the impact of conjugate pneumococcal vaccines use in routine infants’ vaccination program on IPD in children and adults with asthma – in particular in terms of serotypes involved?
- What are the determinants of indirect protection of asthmatics conferred by routine childhood pneumococcal vaccination?
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Types Of Pneumonia Vaccine
There are two vaccines which can provide protection against Streptococcus pneumoniae. They cannot prevent other types of bacterial pneumonia or any associated with a fungus or virus.
The two FDA-approved vaccines immunize a person against the specific serotypes that are most likely to cause illness and invasive disease. They are:
- PCV13, marketed under the name Prevnar 13,which prevents 13 of the most severe types of S. pneumoniaeï»¿ï»¿
- PPSV23, marketed under the name Pneumovax 23, which protects against an additional 23 S. pneumoniae serotypesï»¿ï»¿
Neither vaccine is made from a live or whole bacteria but rather parts of the bacterial shell. While these components cannot cause disease, the immune system recognizes them as threats and triggers a defensive response in the same way it would to a real bacteria.
The PVC13 vaccine is delivered intramuscularly either into the deltoid muscle of the upper arm or the vastus lateralis muscle of the external thigh. The PPSV23 shot can either be given intramuscularly or subcutaneously .
Booster Doses Of Pneumococcal Vaccine
If you’re at increased risk of a pneumococcal infection, you’ll be given a single dose of the PPV vaccine.
But if your spleen does not work properly or you have a chronic kidney condition, you may need booster doses of PPV every 5 years.
This is because your levels of antibodies against the infection decrease over time.
Your GP surgery will advise you on whether you’ll need a booster dose.
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Data Collection And Analysis
Two reviewers independently reviewed all abstracts and full papers of all articles of potential relevance were retrieved. Methodological quality was rated using the Cochrane approach and the Jadad rating scale. Data extraction was performed by one reviewer and checked independently by a second. We planned to perform quantitative analyses of outcomes on an intentiontotreat basis, where possible.
Iv1 Preparation Authorized For Use In Canada
Conjugate pneumococcal vaccines
Prevnar®13: pneumococcal 13-valent conjugate vaccine, CRM197 protein conjugate adsorbed, Pfizer Canada Inc.
The diphtheria carrier protein used in conjugate pneumococcal vaccines does not confer protection against diphtheria.
SYNFLORIX®: pneumococcal 10-valent conjugate vaccine, non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae protein D, diphtheria or tetanus toxoid conjugates adsorbed, GlaxoSmithKline Inc. .
The tetanus, diphtheria and non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae carrier proteins used in conjugate pneumococcal vaccines do not confer protection against diphtheria, tetanus or Haemophilus influenzae type b disease.
Pneumococcal 23-valent polysaccharide vaccines
For complete prescribing information, consult the product leaflet or information contained within Health Canada’s authorized product monograph available through the Drug Product Database. Refer to the Canadian Immunization Guide for more information on pneumococcal serotypes covered in each vaccine.
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How Are Asthma And Pneumonia Diagnosed
If you have the symptoms of asthma, your doctor will want a complete medical history. A physical exam includes inspecting your nose, throat, and airways.
Your doctor will use a stethoscope to listen to your lungs as you breathe. A whistling sound is a sign of asthma. You may also be asked to breathe into a spirometer to test your lung function. They may also perform allergy tests.
If your symptoms point toward pneumonia, your doctor will probably start by listening to your lungs. One of the hallmarks of pneumonia is that your lungs make a crackling sound when you breathe.
You may also need blood work to make sure youre getting enough oxygen and to get a count of your white blood cells . Checking your mucus can also help your doctor determine what type of pneumonia you have.
Asthma requires both short-term treatment and long-term management. In most cases, doctors can treat and cure pneumonia within a short time.
Things That You Can Do To Help Your Child At Home Are
- Control the fever with the proper medicine and right strength for the age of your child. Fevers lower than 101° F do not need to be treated unless the child is uncomfortable .
- Give your child plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration.
- See that your child gets lots of rest.
- Do not give over-the-counter cough medicines or other OTC medicines without asking the health provider first. The child needs to cough and bring up the phlegm. Coughing is the bodys way of clearing the infection from the lungs.
- Avoid exposing your child to tobacco smoke or other irritants in the air.
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