When Should You Go See A Doctor
A person should seek medical help if:
- A persistent cough has lingered for more than 3 weeks. That can be a sign that you have chronic bronchitis, asthma, or another problem that needs regular medical care.
- The cough is so uncomfortable or so hard that it is impossible to sleep.
- The patient has a fever over 100.4 F.
- YouÃ¢re wheezing or feel like you canÃ¢t breathe.
- ThereÃ¢s blood in the mucus you cough up, or you have other symptoms that seem unusual for a cold.
How To Regain Your Strength After Pneumonia
While recovering from mild pneumonia, be sure to:
- Eat a well-balanced diet
- Slowly work back into your exercise routine
“Physical activity can help your lungs regain strength but go slow. Start with light exercise and stop if your cough worsens or you have trouble breathing. If a light workout feels okay, you can put a little more effort into your next workout,” says Dr. Lee.
However, Dr. Lee’s advice for someone recovering from severe pneumonia looks quite different.
“The first thing to realize is that your body may be extremely weak after being discharged from the hospital, so you’ll need to take extra care leaning on your support network, if possible,” says Dr. Lee.
What Other Problems Can Pneumonia Cause
Sometimes pneumonia can cause serious complications such as:
- Bacteremia, which happens when the bacteria move into the bloodstream. It is serious and can lead to .
- Lung abscesses, which are collections of pus in cavities of the lungs
- Pleural disorders, which are conditions that affect the pleura. The pleura is the tissue that covers the outside of the lungs and lines the inside of your chest cavity.
- Respiratory failure
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How To Regain Strength After Pneumonia
If you have pneumonia, the first priority is clearing the infection causing it.
This means following your doctor’s treatment plan very closely. Yes, getting plenty of rest. And, yes, taking every single pill in the bottle of antibiotics your doctor prescribed you if your pneumonia is bacterial in nature.
But, even after your primary symptoms fade away, you may be left feeling lousy, with low energy and/or dealing with a cough that just won’t quit. In some cases, you may feel weak for months.
How To Reduce Your Risk Of Pneumonia
The following actions can help lower your chance of getting pneumonia and other respiratory infections:
- Get vaccinated. There are several vaccines that help protect against infections caused by certain bacteria or viruses that may lead to pneumonia. For instance, the flu vaccine can help prevent pneumonia caused by the flu virus, and the pneumococcal vaccine can reduce your risk of getting pneumonia caused the bacterium Streptococcus pneumonia. Discuss your vaccine needs with your health care provider.
- Wash your hands often. Wash your hands with soap and water before preparing and eating food and after using the bathroom, blowing your nose or coming into contact with someone who is sick.
- Don’t smoke. If you do, get help to quit. Smoking reduces your lung’s ability to fight infections.
- Don’t share personal items. This includes not sharing utensils toothbrushes and towels with other people, especially those who are sick.
- Have a healthy lifestyle. Eating a nutritious diet, exercising regularly and getting enough sleep can help keep your immune system strong so you don’t get sick. If you become ill, having healthy habits may help you recover more quickly.
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When To Seek Medical Care
A physician should be seen if the following symptoms are present: fever and cough after having flu-like symptoms.
A person should go to an ER if these symptoms appear chest pain, shortness of breath, confusion and high fever. If a person has a chronic health problem like diabetes, HIV, or other problems that result in a depressed immune system, he or she should see a physician immediately or go to an ER if even mild pneumonia symptoms develop.
Complications from pneumonia included sepsis, pleural effusion and empyema. Pneumonia can be fatal in up to 30% of severe cases that are managed in the intensive-care setting.
How You Catch Pneumonia
While anyone can catch pneumonia, some people are more likely to come down with illness when coming into contact with the germs. Like many other illnesses, pneumonia is caught through contact with the bacteria or virus that creates pneumonia.
Coughing and sneezing are the most common ways these germs spread.
Its also possible to catch the illness by touching something like a counter or door handle, sharing cups and utensils, and touching your face without washing your hands first.
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How Long Is Pneumonia Contagious After Antibiotics Treatment
The contagious period for pneumonia depends on how soon you start treatment. As noted above, you may still be contagious for about 24 to 48 hours after starting a course of antibiotics. That said, certain bacterial infections may leave you contagious after more than two weeks of antibiotic treatment.
Its important to complete the entire course of antibiotics with no days missedif not, you might still have some pathogens lingering, which could start up the infection again and make you contagious again.
Many people walk around with the illness without knowing it, and the best way to prevent spreading it to others is to start a treatment of antibiotics as soon as possible.
If, after a cold or flu, you notice that your symptoms havent disappeared or subsided in a weeks time, be sure to visit the doctor to be tested for pneumonia. Many people walk around with the illness without knowing it, and the best way to prevent spreading it to others is to start a treatment of antibiotics as soon as possible.
If you really want to play it safe for the sake of those around you, you could always act as though youre contagious for up to two weeks afterward by refraining from contact, covering your nose and mouth if you sneeze, and washing your hands frequently.
Preventing The Spread Of Pneumonia
You can help prevent the spread of a pneumonia by taking some simple hygiene precautions.
- washing your hands regularly and thoroughly, particularly after touching your nose and mouth, and before handling food
- coughing and sneezing into a tissue, then throwing it away immediately and washing your hands
- not sharing cups or kitchen utensils with others
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Which Types Of Pneumonia Are Contagious
Pneumonia is contagious when it is caused by infectious pathogens, like bacteria or viruses. This is the case with most types of pneumonia, including:
- Bacterial pneumonia is the most common type of pneumonia in adults and is typically caused by the bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae. Bacterial pneumonia can occur on its own, or as a result of a viral cold or flu. You might also catch bacterial pneumonia during a hospital stay for another illness, because your immune system is already weakened and you are more susceptible.
- Methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus pneumonia is a type of bacterial pneumonia caused by antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Those who work or live in crowded spaces with frequent skin-to-skin contact, like nursing homes, daycare centers or hospitals, are at an increased risk for this type of pneumonia.
- Viral pneumonia is the most common cause of pneumonia in children younger than five years old. Any virus that infects the respiratory tract can cause viral pneumonia, but the flu virus is the most common cause of viral pneumonia in adults, according to the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute .
- Walking pneumonia, also known as atypical pneumonia, generally describes a mild case of pneumonia, often caused by a common bacterium known as Mycoplasma pneumonia. This type of pneumonia accounts for about 10% to 40% of pneumonia cases not acquired in hospitals or health care facilities.
When Should I See My Doctor
Pneumonia can be life-threatening if left untreated, especially for certain at-risk people. You should call your doctor if you have a cough that wont go away, shortness of breath, chest pain, or a fever. You should also call your doctor if you suddenly begin to feel worse after having a cold or the flu.
Pneumonia Can Be Fatal
When you acquire pneumonia, it could affect only one lung, both lungs, or spread from one to the other. It causes the air sacs in your lungs, also called alveoli, to become inflamed. This is what makes it difficult to breathe. Doctors typically treat pneumonia with antibiotics, but it remains the leading cause of infectious disease death in children under age five across the world. As with the flu, pneumonia can also be deadly for elderly people.
Smokers and those with asthma have a greater likelihood of catching all different strains of the disease. However, bacterial infection is the most common cause among adults in the United States.
How Is It Treated
Antibiotics are the usual treatment, because the organism may not be found. But if the pneumonia is caused by a virus, antivirals may be given. Sometimes, antibiotics may be used to prevent complications.
Antibiotics usually cure pneumonia caused by bacteria. Be sure to take the antibiotics exactly as instructed. Do not stop taking them just because you feel better. You need to take the full course of antibiotics.
Pneumonia can make you feel very sick. But after you take antibiotics, you should start to feel much better, although you will probably not be back to normal for several weeks. Call your doctor if you do not start to feel better after 2 to 3 days of antibiotics. Call your doctor right away if you feel worse.
There are things you can do to feel better during your treatment. Get plenty of rest and sleep, and drink lots of liquids. Do not smoke. If your cough keeps you awake at night, talk to your doctor about using cough medicine.
You may need to go to the hospital if you have bad symptoms, a weak immune system, or another serious illness.
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Causes And Signs Of Walking Pneumonia
Walking pneumonia is caused by mycoplasma pneumoniae bacteria and it falls under the category of atypical pneumonia. Though it is a mild form of pneumonia, it can be bothersome, as it can linger for a month or more. The most apparent of the signs is cough. Hospitalization is not required to treat this condition. Only in very rare cases it becomes life-threatening.
It gets the name walking pneumonia, as the person is diagnosed with pneumonia, but apart from cough, very few symptoms exist and the person does not have to be hospitalized. The patient is effectively walking with pneumonia. The other pneumonia symptoms including sore throat, headache, fatigue, flu-like symptoms, etc., are rarely seen. In extreme cases, the person may suffer from an ear infection.
How Long Is Acute Bronchitis Contagious After Taking Antibiotics
How long acute bronchitis lasts will depend on the antibiotics used to treat bronchitis. Using antibiotics is a common way to treat bronchitis. Severe bronchitis infections may be addressed by other advanced medical procedures.
In other minor cases, the bronchitis infection may go away on its own. When antibiotics get rid of the symptoms of acute bronchitis, that stage of bronchitis is no longer contagious.
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How Long Is Mycoplasma Pneumonia Contagious
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. Likewise, is mycoplasma pneumonia contagious?
Mycoplasma is spread through contact with droplets from the nose and throat of infected people especially when they cough and sneeze. Transmission is thought to require prolonged close contact with an infected person. The contagious period is probably fewer than 10 days and occasionally longer.
how long does Mycoplasma pneumoniae last? The illness can last from a few days to a month or more . Complications do not happen often. No one knows how long an infected person remains contagious, but it is probably less than 20 days. The disease can be treated with antibiotics.
Also know, how long are you contagious with pneumonia?
Once a person who has pneumonia starts on antibiotics, he or she only remains contagious for the next 24 to 48 hours. This can be longer for certain types of organisms, including those that cause the disease tuberculosis. In that case, someone can remain contagious for up to two weeks after starting on antibiotics.
Can you catch pneumonia from someone who has it?
Pneumonia is a lung infection caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi. Some of these germs do spread from person to person, so you may be contagious if you have certain types of pneumonia. Fungal pneumonia passes from the environment to a person, but it’s not contagious from person to person.
Who Is At Risk For Pneumonia
Anyone can get pneumonia, but certain factors increase your risk for developing the illness. These include:
- Being younger than two years of age
- Being 65 years and older
- Having lung disease, such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder or cystic fibrosis
- Having other certain health conditions or a weakened immune system due to diabetes, kidney disease, cancer treatment, human immunodeficiency virus or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome , an organ transplant or other factors
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How Is Pneumonia Diagnosed And Treated
The diagnosis of pneumonia often starts with the doctor getting a complete history of your symptoms and by a very careful physical examination. Abnormal sounds can be heard when auscultating the lungs and a plain chest x-ray will show infiltrates in the lungs consistent with pneumonia.
Most people with pneumonia will need antibiotics combined with rest and plenty of fluids to help loosen the phlegm that can then be coughed out of the lungs. Improvement after receiving treatment often takes about 2-3 days.
More serious cases will need hospitalization, IV fluids and IV antibiotics. Oxygen will help these people feel better and will help clear out the infection. Very sick people will need the use of a ventilator, which is a respiratory machine that does the work of breathing for you because you cannot breathe well on your own.
How Can You Prevent Pneumonia
Experts recommend immunization for children and adults. Children get the pneumococcal vaccine as part of their routine shots. If you are 65 or older or you have a long-term health problem, it’s a good idea to get a pneumococcal vaccine. It may not keep you from getting pneumonia. But if you do get pneumonia, you probably won’t be as sick. You can also get an influenza vaccine to prevent the flu, because sometimes people get pneumonia after having the flu.
You can also lower your chances of getting pneumonia by staying away from people who have the flu, respiratory symptoms, or chickenpox. You may get pneumonia after you have one of these illnesses. Wash your hands often. This helps prevent the spread of viruses and bacteria that may cause pneumonia.
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When To See A Gp
Most cases of acute bronchitis can be easily treated at home with rest, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and plenty of fluids.
You only need to see a GP if your symptoms are severe or unusual.
For example, see a GP if:
- your cough is severe or lasts longer than 3 weeks
- you have a high temperature for more than 3 days this may be a sign of flu or a more serious condition, such as pneumonia
- you cough up mucus streaked with blood
- you have an underlying heart or lung condition, such as asthma, heart failure or emphysema
- youâre becoming more breathless
- you have had repeated episodes of bronchitis
A GP may need to rule out other lung infections, such as pneumonia, which has symptoms similar to those of bronchitis.
If they think you may have pneumonia, youâll probably need a chest X-ray and a sample of mucus may be taken for testing.
If a GP thinks you might have an underlying condition, they may also suggest that you have a lung function test.
Youâll be asked to take a deep breath and blow into a device called a spirometer, which measures the volume of air in your lungs.
When Is Pneumonia Contagious
Pneumonia is contagious when the causative pathogens are expelled by an infected person by coughing out infected droplets. These expelled droplets contain the bacteria or virus that causes the pneumonia. These droplets contaminate the mouth or breathing tract of another individual to eventually infect their lungs.
The approximate time when pneumonia becomes contagious varies with the type of infecting agent and may range from one to two days to weeks. In addition, some pneumonias are more highly contagious than others. For example, Mycobacterium and Mycoplasma organisms are highly contagious, but other types, including pneumococcal pneumonia, require optimal conditions to spread to another person and are weakly contagious.
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It Might Feel Like A Cold
Walking pneumonia is how some people describe a mild case of pneumonia. Your doctor might call it âatypical pneumoniaâ because itâs not like more serious cases.
A lung infection is often to blame. Lots of things can cause it, including:
- Inhaled food
Walking pneumonia usually is due to bacteria called Mycoplasma pneumoniae.
You probably wonât have to stay in bed or in the hospital. You might even feel good enough go to work and keep up your routine, just as you might with a cold.
What Increases Your Risk
You are more likely to get pneumonia if you:
- Smoke. Cigarette smoking is a strong risk factor for pneumonia in healthy young people.
- Have another medical condition, especially lung diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or asthma.
- Are younger than 1 year of age or older than 65.
- Have an impaired immune system.
- Take medicine called a proton pump inhibitor that reduces the amount of stomach acid.footnote 3, footnote 4
- Drink excessive amounts of alcohol.
- Recently had a cold or the flu.
You are more likely to have complications of pneumonia and need to go to the hospital if you:
- Are older than 65.
- Have some other illness , or have gone to the hospital for a medical problem within the last 3 months.
- Have had your spleen removed or do not have a working spleen .
- Have an alcohol use problem.
- Have a weak immune system.
- Reside in a place where people live close together, such as a university dorm or nursing home.
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